Newly Discounted Travertine Products
Wondering what is travertine and why is it so popular nowadays?
It has been popular in United States since year 2000 however it was more expensive and limited. However nowadays it is as easy as ordering pizza delivery. You can pick up a phone and order travertine tiles or travertine pavers online with next day delivery option.
Geologically, travertine is formed after the stones such as limestone and dolomite are metamorphosed under certain temperature and pressure and then crystallized.
These are called "Real Travertine". Industrially, marble includes all stones that may be polished and commercially marketable. All the marbles called "marble" industrially are not actually marbles geologically. Notwithstanding the type and composition of a rock,
it is considered to be marble if it is removed as a block and, it is able to be cut and polished. Granite, travertine and onyx are some rocks in this classification.
Characteristics of Travertine
Main areas of usage of travertine are inside and outside the buildings (floor and wall coverings, stairs, columns, kitchens and bathroom, sidings) and also ornaments and souvenirs. Travertine chips are used as mosaic. It is very important to choose the travertine tiles that have the characteristics fulfilling the requirements of the above mentioned usage areas.
Hard travertine are commonly used for coverings and thresholds in the buildings. The hardness of marble increases depending on the quantity of silicate mineral. Cutting and forming the hard marble is harder and more expensive. On the other hand, they are more suitable for polishing.
Water absorption is important especially for the travertine used in the sidings of the buildings. Inasmuch as the rainwater affects the marbles containing carbonate and cause them to be dissolved.
Specific Bulk Density
It is important to know about the specific bulk density to determine the transportation fees, calculate the static values and chose the rope to lift the load.
More porosity in the travertine means the less economic value. That is because the resistance against the affects of the atmosphere reduces when the porosity increases. Porosity level in travertine is used for this purpose.
It is important for choosing the right travertine to know the abrasion loss that may occur in the floor coverings and stairs as a result of the friction due to the human traffic.
It is variable between 500 and 1500 kgf/cm2 depending on the crystallization state, porosity, quantity of CaCO3 and content of foreign matter. Resistance is higher on the vertical stratification and less on the horizontal stratification. Pressure resistance is used as an indication to determine the usage areas of travertine in the buildings.
Travertine is in the shades of white when they are pure. However, there are also some color marbles in the earth. Color is originated from the existence of the slight amount of foreign elements and minerals in addition to main minerals forming the marble. Colors and patterns are important factors for trading purposes.
Polishing suitability level is different depending on the type of marbles. In general, hard marbles are more suitable for polishing. Market price of marbles slabbed and sized in marble processing workshops is depending on the polishing suitability thereof. Market price of the marbles not much suitable for polishing is not very much accordingly.
Understanding your purchase is important, a travertine quarry is nothing more than a mine for Travertine stone.
Most quarries are huge and look like open large pits. Travertine rocks are dug up in quarries and broken down into travertine blocks which are then transported to factories for the purpose of cutting.
After cutting the blocks into slabs, tiles, pavers, mosaics etc. the proper Travertine finish is applied.
The grade of travertine is most of the time determined based on the holes within the stone. Holes within Travertine stone are part of the stones nature and criteria. Within the travertine industry today, the rule of the thumb is …the less holes there are within travertine stone, the higher the quality.
Travertine pavers with barely any holes in it are considered
A Grade or Premium Grade quality while porous stone with a lot of holes in it (looking like a sponge) is considered commercial quality. Obviously price differences apply.
Also keep in mind that there are Travertine tiles which come with a honed and filled finish. A filled travertine finish indicates that the holes were filled. Since the filling is always the same color throughout the tile it is fairly easy to tell apart the filling. In these cases, the difference between Premium Grade and Commercial grade lies in the amount of filling used.
A honed and filled travertine tile with a whole lot of filling is considered of lower quality compared to a tile with minimal filling.
Travertine Tiles are used for indoor projects such as floors and walls while Travertine pavers are primarily used for outdoors such as driveways, pool decks, patio areas and walk ways. Travertine tiles are 0.5” thick while the standard thickness for Travertine pavers is 1 1/4”.
Some of the most popular colors are Ivory, Beige, Walnut colors (light, medium, dark), Noche (Dark brown), Silver and Gold. Combinations of these colors are also possible. Colors variations and color name variations are quite common within the Travertine industry i.e. Cream, Cappuccino, Chocolate.
Travertine products usually have the following finishes:
Tumbled, Honed, Brushed, Filled, Filled & Honed, Chiseled, Bush Hammered, Polished Chiseled Travertine refers to the edges while all the other finishes refer to the actual surface. Combinations are also possible such as Chiseled & Honed, Chiseled & Brushed or Honed & Filled & Chiseled.
A standard travertine tile is 0.5” inches thick and standard Travertine Pavers are 1 1/4” thick. Pavers can also be 2” thick or more.99% of the travertine which you see online or displayed throughout retail locations such as flooring companies, pool builders, home improvement companies etc. is by default cross cut.
This refers to the default way of cutting the travertine blocks which are harvested from the quarry. In order to produce vein cut travertine, the travertine blocks are rotated and the cuts take place across the vein. Think of it as cutting a tree. You can cut a tree vertically or horizontally. If you cut it vertically, the veins come out, same with Travertine.
History teaches us that there are no limits when it comes to the usage of Travertine stone. Even before Christ, Travertine used to be among the top building stones in Ancient Greek and Rome. Romans took advantage of Travertine for various constructions projects such as buildings and temples,
aqueducts, baths, stairs, steps, and amphitheaters such as the Colosseum, the largest building in the world constructed mostly of travertine. Travertine was also used for sculptures and monuments. Even today in the 21st century, Travertine stone is being used for a huge variety of indoor and outdoor projects. There are no exact design guidelines when it comes to travertine.
Most common indoor travertine usage: